Footnotes, Chapter 2
Kierkegaard and Radical Discipleship: A New Perspective (Eller)

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In Druís and in Rohdeís selections from Kierkegaardís journals, the number identifies an entry rather than a page; the date following is that of the particular entry.

1. Søren Kierkegaards Papirer, hereafter referred to as Papirer, ed. P. A. Heiberg, V. Kuhr, and E. Torsting, 2d ed., (Copenhagen: Gyldenalske Boghandel, Nordisk Forlag, 1909-1948, 11:2:A:435 (1855) [my trans.-VE.].

2. Among the early Kierkegaardians who at least leaned in this direction, Walter Lowrie names Brandes, Brøchner, Höffding, and Schrempf; see Lowrie's Kierkegaard (first published 1938) (New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1962), 1: 3-6. More recently, Karl Jaspers has hinted at this view--as reported (and discounted) by Walter Kaufmann in his Introduction to S.K.'s The Present Age and The Difference between a Genius and an Apostle (hereafter referred to as The Present Age), revised trans. Alexander Dru (New York: Harper Torchhooks, 1962), 11-12. Colin Wilson also has made the hint; see his Religion and the Rebel (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1957), 239.

3. Attack upon "Christendom," trans. Walter Lowrie (Boston: Beacon Press Paperback, 1956), 57ff.

4. "BrÝchner's Recollections," in Glimpses and impressions of Kierkegaard, ed. and trans. T.H. Croxall (Welwyn, Herts: J. Nesbjt, 1959), 38.

5. Dupre, op.cit., 165. He does not cite the source of this information.

6. "Priest" is the term commonly used in the Danish church for its clergymen, and thus it appears extensively in S.K.'s writings. It should not be taken as implying any sort of sacerdotal sarcasm either here or in S.K.

7. S.K. was willing to send Peter a brotherly greeting but did not feel up to receiving him in person. Croxall, op. cit., gives us a letter by the relative who carried the greeting (102, 4) and a statement by Peter (129) which together make it plain that both SÝren and Peter realized how the matter stood.

8. Boesen's account is found in Dru Journals, 551.

9. The primary sources describing the funeral and burial are collected in Croxall, op. cit., pp. 84ff.

10. Of course, any study of S.K.'s religion that fails to raise the question of his church affiliation as much as suggests that he remained a Lutheran. More explicit claims of varying sorts are represented by H. V. Martin, Kierkegaard, the Melancholy Dane (NY: Philosophical Library, 1950), 108; by Hermann Diem, Kierkegaard's Dialectic of Existence, hereafter referred to as Dialectic, trans. Harold Knight (Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 1959), 157; and by Martin J. Heinecken, The Moment Before God (Philadelphia: Muhlenberg Press, 1956), pp. 378-79. Our contention is simply that the burden of proof rests just as heavily upon those who would claim S.K. for Lutheranism as upon those who would claim him for Roman Catholicism, secularism, sectarianism, or any other tradition. S.K.'s natural connections with the Lutheran Church do not answer the problem; too many objections must be taken into account.

11. David Swenson, in the translator's Introduction to S.K.'s Philosophical Fragments, trans. David Swenson, 2d ed., with an introduction and commentary by Niels Thulstrup translated by Howard Hong (Princeton: Princeton Un. Press, 1962), xli-xlii. Cf. Walter Lowrie, in the translator's Introduction to Attack upon "Christendom," xiii. Cf. Diem, Dialectic, 154.

13. See, for example, Diem, Dialectic, 157.

14. In addition to Diem, see, as another example, Theodor Haecker, Søren Kierkegaard, trans. Alexander Dru (London: Oxford Un. Press, 1937), 67.

15. Attack upon "Christendom," p.91.

16. This journal entry has been inserted by the translator into Attack upon "Christendom," 17. An admirable summary which cites many of the scholars and their claims is Heinrich Roos, S.J., Søren Kierkegaard and Catholicism, trans. Richard Bracken (Westminster, Md.: Newman Press, 1954). Cf. Cornelio Fabro, C.P.S., "Faith and Reason in Kierkegaard's Dialectic," in A Kierkegaard Critique, particularly 156-58, 190-94.

18. Dupre, op.cit., 216, 217, 219.

19. Ibid., x, xii.

20. Though not addressing himself specifically to our question, it is perhaps Hermann Diem (Dialectic, 98ff.) who has given most decisive demonstration to the fact that the existence of an organized church with its preaching, doctrine, and sacraments was an essential presupposition of S.K.'s whole dialectic.

21. Papirer, 11:2:A:435 [my trans.--V.E.]. Cf. the trans. Offered by Ronald Gregor Smith in his volume of journal selections, The Last Years, hereafter referred to as Smith Journals (New York: Harper & Row, 1965).

22. Papirer, 11: A:407 (1849) [my trans.--V.B.]. Cf. Smith Journals, 11:2:A:39 (1854) and 11:2:A:39 (1854).

23. Dru Journals, 831 (1848); cf. 1234 (1851).

24. Walter Kaufmann, in the editor's Introduction to Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre (Cleveland: Meridian Books, 1956), 11.

25. Dupre, op.cit., 224-22. Another inadvertent description of S.K.'s sectarianism is found in Fabro, op.cit., in A Kierkegaard Critique, 156-57.

26. Emil Brunner, Truth as Encounter (Phihidelphia: Westminster Press, 1943 and 1964), 112, 84; cf. 42-43.

27. Joachim H. Seyppel, Schwenckfeld, Knight of Faith (Pennsburg, Pa.: The Schwenckfelder Library, 1961), p.427. Cf, Dupre, op.cit., xi, 171.

28. Ibid., 427-29.

29. Ibid., 129. Seyppel cites E. Peterscn, "Kierkegaard und der Protestantismus," Wort and Wahrheit 3, 579 ff.

30. Papirer, (through an error in transcription, the locus of this entry has been lost) [my trans.-V.E.].

31. Brøchncr's Recollections in Croxall Glimpses, 21.

32. Dru Journals, 970 (1849).

33. Henriette Lund's Recollections in Croxall Glimpses, 50.

34. Hans BrøÝchner's Recollections in Croxall Glimpses, 36.

35. In the Introduction to Dru Journals, 1, note.

36. In the editorial materials of S.K.'s Johannes Climacus, or De Omnibus Dubitandum Est, hereafter referred to as Johannes Climacus, trans. and ed. T. H. Croxall (Stanford: Stanford Un. Press, 1958), 27-28.

37. Purity of Heart, trans. Douglas V. Steere (NY: Harper, 1948), 152.

38. Edifying Discourses, trans. David F. and Lillian Marvin Swenson (Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1948), 4:70-71.

39. Stages on Life's Way, ed. Hilarius Bookbinder (pseud.), trans. Walter Lowrie (Princeton: Princeton Un. Press, 1940), 218.

40. Either/Or, ed. Victor Eremita (pseud.), trans. David F. and Lillian Marvin Swenson and Walter Lowrie, revised by Howard Johnson (Garden City: Doubleday Anchor, 1959) 2:112.

41. Dru Journals, 1220, 443 (1851).

42. In Point of View, 140.